PCOS means “Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome”. To meet the criteria, two out of three symptoms must be present:
- The woman has long cycles (> 35 days)
- There are > 10 small follicles in the ovary at ultrasound image
- The woman has acne, increased hairiness or elevated androgen hormones in the blood
Women with PCOS have problems ovulating. They are often also obese. Weight loss and diet modifications can often help. Alternatively, she must have hormone stimulation for egg maturation.