Introduction to treatments of Involuntary Childlessness

Involuntary Childlessness

More and more people are finding it more difficult to conceive without help. This is due both to the fact that many choose to have children later in life, and to the fact that men’s sperm quality has been declining for many years. At the Dansk Fertilitetsklinik, we are experts in the treatment of infertility and therefore we give here the full overview of everything you need to know about the treatment of infertility.

What is infertility?

Infertility refers to a situation where a couple who are of childbearing age, after trying for a minimum of one year, have not been able to get pregnant. This is therefore often also called ‘involuntary infertility’.

In Denmark, we refer to the childbearing age as persons between 15-45 years of age. However, it is also possible to have children after the age of 45, but the probability of becoming pregnant decreases significantly from the age of 40 for both men and women.

Causes of involuntary infertility:

Approximately 20% of all women experience a period in their lives with involuntary infertility.

Today, there are several reasons why couples and singles have difficulty having children. This can be due to both problems in the man and the woman, respectively.

Causes in men:

In men, the most common cause is reduced sperm quality. Here, men can have both mild and severe reduced sperm quality. Decreased sperm quality can be both genetically determined, but one’s lifestyle also plays a role here.

At the Dansk Fertilitetsklinik, we always examine the man’s sperm quality prior to each individual course of treatment in order to provide our patients with the best guidance. You can read much more about how this process goes on this page.

Causes in women:

In women, on the other hand, there may be several reasons why you experience problems having children.

For women, the typical reasons are either that the woman lacks passage in the fallopian tubes due to previous pelvic inflammatory disease. Most often, this inflammation of the abdomen stems from infections with chlamydia. Endometriosis in the lower abdomen, fibroids or polyps in the uterus, or malformations in the uterus can also lead to involuntary infertility.

However, involuntary infertility in women can also be due to hormonal disorders that contribute to lack of ovulation and an irregular menstrual cycle.

Treatment options for infertility:

Although more and more couples are finding it difficult to have children, the treatment options are also getting better and better year by year. Therefore, it is possible for the vast majority of all to become parents if they receive the right treatment.

Today, the right treatment must be assessed on the basis of each individual case, and here one must look at the reason behind the inability to have children.

If the cause lies with the woman:

In case of unexplained infertility, as well as in cases where the woman has irregular ovulation, 3 insemination treatments are typically offered. In insemination treatments, purified sperm are introduced into the uterus at the time the woman ovulates.

If, on the other hand, the cause of infertility is that the woman lacks passage through the fallopian tubes, test tube (IVF) treatment is used instead.

This treatment consists of the woman receiving daily injections of hormones that stimulate her follicle growth in the ovaries.

The mature eggs are then taken out and fertilized outside the woman’s body. Once the egg has begun to divide, it is put back into the woman’s uterus. In test tube treatment, one can make use of both IVF treatment, where the sperm cell must fertilize the egg itself, as well as microinsemination (ICSI), where a sperm cell is inserted into each egg.

If the cause lies with the man:

In cases where the cause of the involuntary infertility is due to slightly reduced sperm quality, insemination treatment with purified sperm is most often used.

If, on the other hand, the man has severely reduced sperm quality, the couple can be treated with micro-insemination (ICSI). In microinsemination, one sperm cell is inserted directly into an extracted egg.

Last but not least, in these cases one can also consider making use of a sperm donor if the man’s sperm quality is severely reduced.

Our results in the treatment of infertility

At the Dansk Fertilitetsklinik, we have over 40 years of experience in treating infertility.

Our experience is one of the primary reasons why we have for many years been at the absolute top when comparing the various fertility clinics in Denmark.

Here we are at the very top when it comes to test tube treatment, both when it comes to IVF treatment and ICSI.

Since 2009, we have consistently been in either first, second or third place among all public and private IVF clinics.

Our IVF results are between 51.0% and 29.8% positive pregnancy test after replacing an embryo into the uterus, depending on your age.

In the year 2017, the number of completed live pregnancies was 33.0% nationwide per embryo transfer. With us, it was 37.5% for women under 40 years. You can read much more about our results on IVF treatment on this page.

Have a non-committal conversation about your treatment options

We know very well that it can be difficult to talk about such a sensitive subject as involuntary infertility, but at the Dansk Fertilitetsklinik we are always interested in finding the right treatment for all our patients. That is why we all offer a 15 minutes free consultation.

The purpose of our introductory conversation is both to get to know you / to give you the opportunity to ask all the questions you may have in connection with the course.

Contact us today and let us find the right treatment for you!

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